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Terms

Item An item is an object stored in cache. In addition to storing the payload (the actual data), it also stores metadata: intrusive hooks, reference count, flags, creation time, and expiration time. An item is assigned a key that cachelib API uses to find the item. For more information, see Items and ItemHandle.

ItemHandle An ItemHandle is similar to a std::shared_ptr<Item>. It is used to access an item. For more information, see Item and ItemHandle.

Chained item An item has fixed memory size in cache. To grow the item, add chained items to it. A chained item doesn't have a key; thus you must use its parent item to access it. For more information, see Chained Items.

Key A key is a byte-array identifier assigned to a cached item. Cachelib uses it to find the item. A key can be a string or a POD (memcpy-safe).

Allocation size This is the size (in number of bytes) of all the content associated with an item: header, key, and value.

Allocation class Each allocation class represents a specific allocation size. Items, within the same memory pool, of the same allocation size come from the same allocation class. Each allocation class can take a number of slabs and give out allocations from the slabs (like a classic slab allocator).

Slab A slab is a logical unit of a fixed chunk of DRAM memory; it is hardcoded to 4 MB currently. Cachelib separates the whole cacheable memory into a number of slabs. Memory allocations for Item is carved out of slabs.

Pool A pool is a block of memory of a specific size in a cache. Pools enable you to separate different objects in the cache; that is, objects in one pool are isolated from objects in the other. In addition, they improve hit ratio. For more information, see Partitioning cache into pools.

Pool rebalance When you cache objects of variable sizes, over time, the cache memory is fragmented. To fix this, enable pool reblancing. For more information, see Pool Rebalance Strategy.

Eviction Eviction refers an item exiting from cache because the cache storage is full or because the item is no longer relevant to be cached. Evictions are triggerred internally by CacheLib and are controlled by either the Eviction Policy (see Eviction Policy) or the Admission Policy of the cache depending on the setup. An Item can also be evicted from the cache in response to certain internal events like Pool rebalancing.

Removal Removal refers to an item exiting the cache when the remove api is invoked.

Expiry Expiry refers to an item exiting the cache when it's time to live (TTL) is exhausted. By default, item's don't expire unless a TTL is explicitly set.

Item lifetime Time in cache since the creation of the Item up until eviction of the Item from the cache.

Eviction Age Time in cache for an Item from it's last access time up to its eviction.

HybridCache HybridCache is non-volatile memory (NVM) cache (flash). When you use HybridCache, items allocated in cache can live on NVM or DRAM. For more information, see HybridCache.

Compact cache A compact cache is used to store small key-value data, usually less than tens of bytes per entry. The size of the key must be fixed at compile time, whereas the size of the value can be fixed, variable, or empty. For more information, see Compact Cache.