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Building CacheLib


CacheLib depends on multiple libraries and programs. Some are available as system packages, and others need to be build from source.

The primary dependecies are:

  • a C++17 compiler (tested with GCC, CLANG)
  • CMake
  • folly - Facebook's Open Source library
  • FBThrift - Facebook Thrift

These dependencies further require multiple libraries:

  • fizz - Facebook's TLS 1.3 implementation
  • wangle - C++ Networking Library
  • glog - Google Log Library
  • gflags - Google Command-line flags Library
  • googletest - Google Testing Framework
  • fmt - open-source formatting library
  • sparse-map - memory efficient hash map and hash set
  • And many more libraries, commonly available as installable packages, e.g: boost, libevent, lz4, snappy, zlib, ssl, libunwind, libsodium

Currently, some dependencies can be easily installed using the system's package manager (e.g. dnf/yum/apt), while others need to be rebuild from source code.

Build Script#

CacheLib provides a build script which prepares and installs all dependencies and prerequisites, then builds CacheLib. The build script has been tested to work on CentOS 8, Ubuntu 18.04, 20.04, and Debian 10, 11.

git clone CacheLib./contrib/ -j -T
# The resulting library and executables:./opt/cachelib/bin/cachebench --help

Re-running ./contrib/ will update CacheLib and its dependencies to their latest versions and rebuild them.

The build script supports the following options:

$ ./contrib/ -hCacheLib dependencies builder
usage: [-BdhijOStv]
options:  -B    skip build - just download packages and git source                                            -d    build with DEBUG configuration        (default is RELEASE with debug information)  -h    This help screen  -j    build using all available CPUs ('make -j')        (default is to use single CPU)  -O    skip OS package installation (apt/yum/dnf)  -S    skip git-clone/git-pull step  -t    build tests        (default is to skip tests if supported by the package)  -T    build only CacheLib tests  -v    verbose build

Build Process Details#

The build process involves the following steps. These steps can be run manually for troubleshooting and/or adapting the build to a new system. The wrapper script ./contrib/ performs them one by one:

Step 1 - System packages#

Installs the suitable tools and packages for the operating system flavor and version (e.g. Debian 10). This step requires sudo, and uses one of the following scripts: contrib/, contrib/, contrib/

For Debian/Ubuntu it is a simple matter of running apt-get with a known list of packages. For CentOS, the script first adds the Power Tools repository (required for some of the packages).

It is safe to re-run these scripts - if the required packages are already installed, the script will terminate quickly.

Step 2 - Update Git-Submodules#

The CacheLib project includes several library as git-submodules (folly,fbthrift,wangle,fizz). Due to the way internal facebook projects are converted to git and exported to github, the updating process is slightly more complicated than a simple git submodule update.

The script ./contrib/ performs the required steps to synchronize the required git revisions.

It is safe to re-run the script - it will simply pull the latest changes (if any).

Step 3 - Build libraries from source code#

Downloads the latest source code version of the following libraries, builds and installs them (using sudo): googleflags, googlelog, sparsemap, fmt, folly, fizz, wangle, fbthrift.

In some cases the operating system has a pre-packaged version of some of these libraries, but they are too old. In these cases the library is rebuilt from source code.

Building each library is performed using the following script:

$ ./contrib/ -hCacheLib dependencies builder
usage: [-BdhijStv] NAME
options:  -B    skip build step        (default is to build with cmake & make)  -d    build with DEBUG configuration        (default is RELEASE with debug information)  -h    This help screen  -i    install after build using 'sudo make install'        (default is to build but not install)  -j    build using all available CPUs ('make -j')        (default is to use single CPU)  -S    skip git-clone/git-pull step        (default is to get the latest source)  -t    build tests        (default is to skip tests if supported by the package)  -v    verbose build
NAME: the dependency to build supported values are:  googlelog, googleflags, googletest,  fmt, sparsemap,  folly, fizz, wangle, fbthrift,  cachelib

All the required packages use cmake, and will be built in a new subdirectory named build-[PACKAGE] (e.g. running ./contrib/ fmt will create the build-fmt subdirectory).

Example: Running the command ./contrib/ -i -j -d -t fmt is equivalent to the following commands:

cd cachelib/externalgit clone ../..mkdir build-fmtcmake ../cachelib/external/fmt -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debugmake -jsudo make install

Step 4 - Build CacheLib#

Building CacheLib is identical to installing packages (above),

To build cachelib, run:

./contrib/ -j -i -d -v -t cachelib

All files will be installed in a local subdirectory ./opt/cachelib:

  • Executables in ./opt/cachelib/bin (cachebench is available here)
  • Library files in ./opt/cachelib/lib and ./opt/cachelib/lib64
  • Header files in ./opt/cachelib/include
  • Sample test configurations in ./opt/cachelib/test_configs

Step 5 - Test run#

Example of using the cachebench binary:

$ git clone$ cd CacheLib$ ./contrib/ -j -T$ cd ./opt/cachelib$ ./bin/cachebench --help$ ./bin/cachebench --json_test_config test_configs/simple_test.json
Expected Output of test run
$ git clone$ cd CacheLib$ ./contrib/ -j -T$ cd ./opt/cachelib$ ./bin/cachebench --json_test_config ./test_configs/simple_test.json===JSON Config===// @nolint instantiates a small cache and runs a quick run of basic operations.{  "cache_config" : {    "cacheSizeMB" : 512,    "poolRebalanceIntervalSec" : 1,    "moveOnSlabRelease" : false,
    "numPools" : 2,    "poolSizes" : [0.3, 0.7]  },  "test_config" : {
      "numOps" : 100000,      "numThreads" : 32,      "numKeys" : 1000000,
      "keySizeRange" : [1, 8, 64],      "keySizeRangeProbability" : [0.3, 0.7],
      "valSizeRange" : [1, 32, 10240, 409200],      "valSizeRangeProbability" : [0.1, 0.2, 0.7],
      "getRatio" : 0.15,      "setRatio" : 0.8,      "delRatio" : 0.05,      "keyPoolDistribution": [0.4, 0.6],      "opPoolDistribution" : [0.5, 0.5]    }}
Welcome to OSS version of cachebenchCreated 897,355 keys in 0.00 minsGenerating 1.60M sampled accessesGenerating 1.60M sampled accessesGenerated access patterns in 0.00 minsTotal 3.20M ops to be run12:07:12       0.00M ops completed== Test Results ==== Allocator Stats ==Items in RAM  : 96,995Items in NVM  : 0Alloc Attempts: 2,559,176 Success: 100.00%RAM Evictions : 2,163,672Cache Gets    : 480,592Hit Ratio     :  10.97%NVM Gets      :               0, Coalesced : 100.00%NVM Puts      :               0, Success   :   0.00%, Clean   : 100.00%, AbortsFromDel   :        0, AbortsFromGet   :        0NVM Evicts    :               0, Clean     : 100.00%, Unclean :       0, Double          :        0NVM Deletes   :               0 Skipped Deletes: 100.00%Released 21 slabs  Moves     : attempts:          0, success: 100.00%  Evictions : attempts:      3,040, success:  99.57%
== Throughput for  ==Total Ops : 3.20 millionTotal sets: 2,559,176get       :    49,453/s, success   :  10.97%set       :   263,344/s, success   : 100.00%del       :    16,488/s, found     :  10.83%

Development Cycle#

When working on CacheLib itself (e.g. tweaking caching algorithms or adding features to cachebench), the following is recommended:

  • Run ./contrib/ -j -d -v to install dependencies and build cachelib.
  • The resulting cachelib files will be stored in the build-cachelib subdirectory.
  • Modify source code files in ./cachelib/
  • Rebuild the modified files in build-cachelib using make.


$ ./contrib/ -d -j -v[... after build is complete ...]
$ cd build-cachelib$ make[... cachelib and cachebench are rebuild ...]
$ touch touch ../cachelib/cachebench/main.cpp$ make[... cachelib and cachebench are rebuild ...]

Updating to latest source code version#

Facebook internal development cycle tightly couples cachelib with its dependencies (e.g. folly, fbthrifth, wangle, fizz), and all are frequently updated. Particularly, the folly library does not provide stable API, and using mismatched version can cause compilation errors.

Therefore, it is recommended to always update (and rebuild) all dependencies before updating cachelib. That is, a simple git pull for cachelib alone can often lead to failed builds.

Running the contrib/ script takes care of first updating and rebuilding all dependencies, and then updating and rebuilding cachelib. Use the -O option to skip the installation of system packages, e.g. ./contrib/ -d -v -j -O.

As all dependencies use git/cmake/make, rebuilding the same code (if there were no updates) will be very fast.

Downloading the source code without building#

The default wrapper script requires internet connection (for package installation and github updates).

For special build circumstances where internet connection is not available, it is possible to download the source code on one machine, then copy it and build it on another.

Use -B option to only download the latest source code (using git clone/git pull) without building.


./contrib/ -B googlelog./contrib/ -B googleflags./contrib/ -B googletest./contrib/ -B fmt./contrib/ -B sparsemap./contrib/ -B folly./contrib/ -B fizz./contrib/ -B wangle./contrib/ -B fbthrift./contrib/ -B cachelib

Will download the latest source code of all libraries under the ./cachelib/external subdirectory.

Then the entire build tree can be copied to another machine (one that does not have internet connectivity). CacheLib can then be build be adding the -S option to (meaning: skip the git clone/git pull step):

$ ./contrib/ -d -j -v -S